Essential Computer Maintenance Tips -Part 1 basic
If you’ve already tried shutting down your PC and restarting it, and that didn’t speed things up, then you’ll need to take a more active approach. So, if you’re wondering why your PC gets slower over time, it’s likely because of one of the following reasons:
- It’s too hot. Your computer will self-regulate its performance to compensate for excessive heat. A cool computer is a fast computer.
- Your software is old. If you’re behind on your Windows and driver updates, you might suffer performance losses.
- It’s doing too much. If your computer is running too many programs at once, it won’t be able to optimize performance for the things that really matter. Excessive startup and background programs are the usual culprits here.
- You’re running low on memory. Your PC uses RAM (random access memory) to run all its active programs. Maxing out your RAM can lead to a sluggish PC.
- You’re running low on disk space. As your hard drive fills up, your PC has less room to hold temporary files. And without enough free space, your PC won’t be as easily able to prevent hard drive fragmentation.
- You’ve got malware. Many types of malware, such as viruses and worms, chew through your PC’s resources and slow it down.
Physically clean your computer
With your PC or laptop fans blowing air in and out of the system for years, there’s likely entire families of dust bunnies thriving inside your machine. These slow down or even stop your fans, which traps heat and leads to poor performance and frequent crashes.
That’s why I frequently open up my PC case and laptops to dust out of the system with a vacuum handy.
When you’re done, be sure to position your computer so that cool air can reach the vents. Place both laptops and desktops on hard, flat surfaces — no carpets, and don’t use your laptop in bed if you don’t have to. Also, don’t leave your desktop inside a cabinet where air can’t circulate freely.
Prevent programs from running in the background
RAM is a finite resource, and even computers with a lot of it still can handle only so many tasks at once. If you have a lot of programs that operate in the background — when you’re not actually using them — they’ll drain memory from more important tasks.
You can prevent programs from running in the background so that they’ll only consume memory when you’re actively using them. Here’s how to do that in Windows 10:
- Open your Settings and select Privacy.
Select Background apps from the menu on the left.
To prevent all apps from running in the background, flip the toggle next to Let apps run in the background to Off. To prevent individual apps from running in the background, flip their respective toggles to Off.
Clear your browser cookies and cache
Your browser stores a bunch of files that, while individually not very large, can add up when you’ve got a lot of them. These include:
• Cookies: Cookies are small files that share information about you with the websites you visit. Some cookies help websites remember your user preferences, but others track you around the internet, sending your data to advertisers, marketers, and website admins.
• Cache: Your browser stores elements of the websites you visit in its cache. This helps your browser load those websites faster on subsequent visits.
It’s always a good idea to periodically delete your browser cookies and purge your cache. Clearing cookies improves your browser speed and performance, and it prevents people from collecting data about you with tracking cookies. Meanwhile, emptying your cache forces your browser to load fresh versions of the websites you visit. This ensures that you’re seeing only the most current content while you browse.
Delete temporary files
- In the search box on the taskbar, type disk cleanup, and select Disk Cleanup from the list of results.
- Select the drive you want to clean up, and then select OK.
- Under Files to delete, select the file types to get rid of. To get a description of the file type, select it. You can select all safely in this menu.
- Select OK.
If you need to free up more space, you can also delete system files:
- In Disk Cleanup, select Clean up system files.
- Select the file types to get rid of. To get a description of the file type, select it.
- Select OK.